Why do Cats Groom Themselves?

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Have you ever wondered why your cat licks its fur so often? Cat grooming is more than just a way to stay clean. It’s a natural behaviour of cats with significant benefits that reflect their social needs.

Cat Groom themselve

Cats groom themselves to keep clean and free of parasites. This grooming behaviour also helps them regulate their body temperature and reduces stress. Moreover, grooming is a social activity for cats. It helps them bond with other cats through mutual grooming among different cats. Cats also groom with their owner as a sign of affection towards their human companions. Overall, grooming is essential for a cat’s hygiene, social interactions, and physical comfort.

Let’s discuss cat grooming in detail and find out why your beloved companions are so dedicated to this behaviour and how you can help them with grooming.

What is Grooming in Cats?

Grooming in cats refers to the process where cats clean themselves by licking their fur with their tongues. Cats are natural groomers and often groom themselves to stay clean and healthy. The grooming of cats is not only about hygiene but also about regulating the body temperature and stress reduction.

Types of Grooming in Cats?

There are two types of grooming for cats:

Mutual Grooming:

Mutual grooming refers to the behaviour where two or more cats groom each other. This type of grooming is particularly common in groups of cats that live together in colonies or households. Mutual grooming allows cats to help each other stay clean and remove dirt and parasites from inaccessible areas. In groups of cats, grooming can also play a role in establishing and maintaining social bonds between cats.

Displacement Grooming:

Displacement grooming in cats refers to grooming behaviour that occurs in response to stress, anxiety, or conflict. This behaviour is observed when cats experience loud noises, changes in their environment, or conflicts with other animals.

Why are Cats Obsessed with Grooming Themselves?

Cats are natural groomers and often groom themselves for comfort, health, and stress relief.

why are cats obsessed with grooming themselves

The six reasons why cats groom themselves are given below:

  • Maintain Cleanliness by Removing Dirt and Parasites: Cats are naturally clean animals and spend significant time grooming themselves. By licking their fur, they remove dust, dirt, and loose hair that are accumulated on their body throughout the day. It helps to keep their skin and fur clean. Grooming also helps to control and eliminate parasites like fleas and ticks.

  • Regulate the Temperature Through Saliva Evaporation: To regulate their body temperature through saliva evaporation, cats often groom themselves. When cats lick their fur, saliva is applied to their skin. As the saliva evaporates from the skin, it has a cooling effect on the body. This process helps to maintain their body temperature, especially in summer or when they are overheated.

  • Distribute Natural Oils for a Healthy Coat: Grooming plays an important role in maintaining a cat’s healthy coat by distributing the natural oils all over the body. It also helps them to keep their fur clean and free from tangles and hairball formation. These oils also play a crucial role in maintaining the skin’s moisture balance and protecting against dryness and irritation.

  • Promote Comfort and Relaxation: Grooming is a key activity for cats that promotes comfort and relaxation. When cats groom themselves, they engage in fun activities that help to reduce stress and anxiety. Moreover, grooming also helps to make cats feel comfortable. By keeping their fur clean, cats can prevent skin irritation and discomfort. It helps to enhance their overall well-being and make them feel comfortable in their environment.

  • Reduce Stress and Anxiety: Grooming helps cats maintain their physical comfort, reducing stress and anxiety. A clean and well-maintained cat can prevent skin irritations and discomfort responsible for stress in cats.

  • Detect Health Issues Early: A cat depends on grooming habits as a form of self-examination to detect health issues early. When cats groom, they can identify the area in their body with wounds and skin irritations. A change in grooming habits, such as over-grooming or no grooming, can be a sign of underlying health issues. The habit change might indicate discomfort, pain, or illness.

  • Bond with Another Cat: Grooming plays an essential role in bonding with another cat by establishing mutual connection and trust. Cats often engage in mutual grooming, known as allogrooming, where they lick and clean each other’s fur. By grooming each other, cats can express their trust and friendship.

  • Clean Wounds and Injuries: Cats depend on their grooming habits as a first-aid response to clean wounds and injuries. When a cat gets injured, its immediate reaction is to lick the affected areas. The rough texture of a cat’s tongue helps remove dirt and debris from the wound, reducing the risk of infection. Cat saliva contains enzymes and antibacterial properties that can aid in cleaning the wound and promoting faster healing.

  • Stimulate Blood Circulation and Skin Health: Cats engage in regular grooming sessions to stimulate blood circulation and improve skin health. Licking their fur with their rough tongues provides a gentle massage to the skin, which enhances blood flow. The increased blood flow also helps remove toxins and supports the regeneration of skin cells.

  • Essential for Overall Well-Being and Hygiene: Grooming is essential for a cat’s overall well-being and hygiene. It serves several important purposes that contribute to their health and comfort. It helps to reduce the risk of skin infections by removing dirt and parasites. It is also responsible for maintaining oral hygiene and preventing tooth decay.

Why Do Cats Groom Humans?

When a cat grooms humans, it’s a positive sign of their affection and trust towards humans. Cats groom humans for reasons including as a sign of affection and to bond with their companions.

The five reasons why cats groom humans are:


Affection refers to the emotional attachment and kindness cats show to their human companion through grooming. Cats often groom with their human companion just like they groom with other cats to express affection towards their owner. Grooming is a way for cats to demonstrate their feelings of warmth, closeness, and care.


A cat licks and grooms its human companion as a form of communication. This helps the cat establish a connection with its human companion, similar to how it bonds with other cats.


Attention refers to the focus and care cats give their human companions while grooming. Cats groom and lick humans to get their attention so they can play and interact.


Bonding refers to the emotional connection cats establish with their human companion through grooming. It is a natural bonding behaviour that helps to develop a strong bond between the cat and their fellow human companion.

Marking Territory:

Cats have secant glands on their chin and lips. When cats groom humans, they mark humans with scent to indicate they are part of their family.

Comfort and Security:

Comfort and security refer to the feelings of reassurance and safety that cats may experience or seek when they groom humans. Cats often lick and groom with their human companions to feel comfortable and secure.

What are some Grooming Tips for Cat Owners?

Even if your cat spends most of the time grooming themselves, they might still need your assistance. Grooming your cat is an essential part of companion care. It helps to improve the overall well-being of your fellow companion. It also helps to enhance the bond between you and your companion.

Here are six grooming tips for cat owners to keep their companion healthier and good-looking:

Keep Your Cat Happy with Regular Brushing

Regular brushing of your cat is essential to keep them clean and healthy. Always use a brush that suits your cat’s fur. Brush your cat regularly to remove dirt and loose hair. It also helps them to reduce hair shedding and the formation of hairballs.

Help Your Cat Stay Fresh with Regular Bathing

Cats are natural cleaners and can clean themselves. Baths are not generally necessary for cats to stay clean. Baths are only essential if your cat is dirty or has a skin problem. If you bathe your cat, be sure to use a cat-friendly shampoo. Never use human shampoo, as it can irritate the cat’s skin.

Keep Your Cat’s Claws Neat

Keeping your cat’s claws neat is essential for their health and well-being. Trim your cat’s nails every 1-2 weeks with clippers specially designed for cats. It helps to prevent the overgrowth of nails and reduce scratching damage. You can also use a scratching post or pad to encourage natural claw maintenance and stretching.

Ensure Your Cat’s Health with Proper Dental Care

Proper dental care is essential for maintaining your cat’s health. Regularly brush your cat’s teeth with a cat-specified brush and toothpaste. It helps ensure your cat’s gum and teeth are always clean and healthy. You can also visit veterinary care to monitor your cat’s dental problems.

Ensure Your Cat’s Comfort with Regular Ear Cleaning

Regular ear cleaning is also a part of your cat grooming routine. You should look inside your cat’s ears weekly for signs of dirt, wax, or infection. If anything is found, gently clean it with a cotton ball and cat-safe ear cleaner. Never insert anything deep into your cat’s ears; it could damage their ear drum.

Help Your Cat Manage Stress Effectively

You should always help your cat to manage stress effectively. It is essential for their overall well-being. To help your cat manage stress effectively, create a calm and safe environment at home. Ensure they can access hiding spots, interactive toys, climbing structures, and scratching pads. These activities help them to stay busy and play in a safe environment.

Are Cats Grooming Themselves Dangerous?

Cats grooming themselves is not essentially dangerous, but overgrooming can lead to certain issues.

cats grooming

Overgrooming, also known as excessive grooming, can be a sign of different health problems and stress associated with cats. Cats excessively grooming themselves can remove too much of their protective fur, leading to problems like skin irritation, bald patches, and even skin infections. Overcoming in cats can also cause hairballs and potential gastrointestinal issues due to ingesting too much hair. In certain cases, overgrooming can be a compulsive behaviour, similar to obsessive-compulsive disorder in humans, and may require veterinary intervention to address the underlying cause. It’s important for cat owners to monitor their cat’s grooming habits and consult with a veterinarian if they notice any concerning changes or excessive grooming behavior.

When to get Veterinary Help?

Knowing when to seek veterinary help for your cat’s grooming is essential for addressing the underlying cause. If your cat grooms excessively for over a few days, it is time to get veterinary help.

The 5 signs of your cat indicating veterinary care are:

  • If you notice bald patches and signs of infections in your cat.
  • Significant changes in your cat’s behaviour, like increased anxiety, aggressive behaviour, and restlessness.
  • Loss of weight and poor appetite in your cat.
  • Cats indicate symptoms like sneezing, coughing, and diarrhoea, along with over-grooming.
  • If over-grooming of your cats lasts more than a few days.

Healthy Grooming Habits Start with a Happy Cat

Making your cat happy involves creating an environment that meets its physical and mental needs. You can begin with a safe and comfortable space with cozy beds. Scratching posts, interactive toys, hiding spots, and outdoor cat enclosures are great for stimulating your cat’s physical activity. Cat netting enclosures provide a secure environment where your cats can explore, groom, and play without the dangers posed by traffic, predators, or other hazards.

At Kitty-Safe, we offer strong and safe cat enclosures in Perth to help you create a secure outdoor environment for your cat, keeping it always happy and groomed. Our netting enclosures are fully customisable with flexible installation options and can align with your needs and the surrounding environment.


How Often Do Cats Groom Themselves?

Cats typically spend several hours a day grooming themselves. On average, cats may groom themselves for 30% to 50% of their days.

Can Grooming Indicate Health Issues?

Yes, changes in grooming habits can indicate health issues. Excessive grooming might indicate stress, allergies, or skin conditions, while a lack of grooming could suggest dental problems or illness.

Is It Normal for Cats to Groom Each Other?

Yes, changes in grooming habits can indicate health issues. Excessive grooming might indicate stress, allergies, or skin conditions, while a lack of grooming could suggest dental problems or illness.

Should You Let Your Cat Lick You?

Yes, you should let your cat lick you. This is generally a common behaviour between cats and their owners. Cats lick their owner’s hands and arms as a sign of affection. But avoid licking your face, as a cat’s tongue is full of bacteria if your immune system is weak.

How Do I Know If My Cat Is Stressed?

If your cats are stressed, you may notice a change in their normal behaviour, body language, and routine. They may start acting aggressively, lose weight due to a low appetite, or over-groom.

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